Daily hair loss is a normal physiological phenomenon due to the hair cycle. For 24 hours it is normal to fall around 100 hairs, but when they are more this is called HAIR LOSS.
What are the types of hair loss?
Diffuse / total / thinning of the hair – the most common hair loss in which the body reacts with falling more hair than normal due to various types of stress (operations, diets, chronic diseases, hairdressing treatments, etc.).
Nesting (circular) hair loss – occurs with one or several completely hairless spots on the scalp or other hair areas on the body. In rare cases it can develop very quickly to the extent of total hair loss.
Androgenic /male type/ hair loss – affects mainly men (and some women) after puberty, and develops at stages with increasingly visible and progressive thinning of the hair in the forehead and temporal area of the scalp and the crown to the extent of full balding. It is family inherited.
Scarring alopecia- is an irreversible form of hair loss resulting from a number of skin diseases (lichen planus, lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, etc.) and is characterized by permanent damage to the hair follicle.
What are the causes for hair loss?
The causes of hair loss in men and women are very different:
– genetic predisposition (predominantly for males)
– hormonal disorders (including thyroid disorders)
– Infectious and inflammatory scalp diseases (seborrhea, dermatitis, etc.)
– chronic diseases of the internal organs
– medicine intake
– effects of external aggressive factors – irradiation, chemotherapy, radiation, hair dyeing, use of hair dryer, curling-irons, press or styling products
– chronic stress
How to treat hair loss?
Hair loss is a medical problem and is treated by a dermatologist. For this purpose, your dermatologist will conduct an in-depth examination, if necessary, will appoint laboratory tests and consultations with other specialists, to clarify the cause of the hair loss and to make an accurate diagnosis. Treatment is strictly individual and depends on the type of hair loss.
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