Image of skin with surgical intervention scars

Scars are a newly formed connective tissue that replaces the normal skin structure after skin diseases (acne most often) or after skin integrity having being impaired by burns, injuries, surgery or other skin damage. The shape and size of the scar depend on the type of injury, and the colour  – on the date of occurrence of the scars – pink or red in the beginning, and after years – almost white.

What types of scars are there?

In general, scars are:
Atrophic –  they are below or at the skin level (for example after acne, burning)
Hypertrophic –  they are raised above the skin level in red colour, affecting only the location of the injury
Keloids – are a tumour growth of the tissue above the skin level and beyond the location of the injury itself

What ways of treating scars are there?

Treatment must be performed by a dermatologist, with surgical intervention required in some cases.
creams, ointments and gels – are mainly on corticosteroid and antihistamine basis – they provide relief to itching, discomfort and pain associated with scars
cryotherapy (liquid nitrogen under pressure) – suitable for small-scale hypertrophic scars and keloids
injection of cortisone injections into the scar –  they aim to soften the scar and level it with the level of healthy skin, but will not affect the colour or size. Multiple manipulations are usually required
laser treatment – this is the most modern and effective method of treating scars. Different types of laser systems are used to improve the texture, colour and size of the scars.
surgical treatment – plastic scar restoration